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History of Lotteries in Tsarist Russia and Russian Empire.

In tsarist Russia, the holding of one of the first lotteries was marked by the reforms of Peter the Great and dates back to the beginning of the XVIII century. Its founder is the Moscow watchmaker Jacob Gassenus. The drawing of the lottery was organized in such a way that two children got lottery tickets from the box, and Gassenus immediately gave the lucky winners appropriate prizes. Subsequently, there were attempts to conduct lotteries privately, but they were severely suppressed by the authorities.

The first documentary evidence mentioning the lottery in Russia is the tsar's decree of Catherine II on holding the first state lottery, published in 1764. By this time in tsarist Russia, only private lotteries were held, in which valuable items seized for debts were played. The organizers of the drawings received considerable income, which attracted the attention of the empress. Catherine decided to monopolize the draws of lotteries and direct the proceeds from their conduct to the state treasury.

According to the decree and the cost of lottery tickets - 11 rubles, which was very expensive for that time, lotteries were calculated not for the broad masses, but only for the privileged public. And by the decision of the Senate in the rallies, the presence of representatives of the lower strata of the population, including soldiers and servants, was banned. Despite the good intentions of Catherine II to replenish the state treasury through the organization of the lottery, the first experience of its execution was unsuccessful and in the end it turned out that the state treasury made investments in the lottery participants.

The Imperial Treasury had to pay 45 thousand rubles to fund the repayment of obligations on the winnings. Since then, the Empress has been extremely negative about holding such rallies and has not organized them anymore.

In the XIX century, lotteries in Russia were still in disgrace, but the demand for them was growing, and the state was forced to cede the population's excitement and legalize the charity lottery.

Permission to organize rallies was given either by the governors or by the Minister of Finance himself. However, in 1892 the government independently initiated the holding of a lottery in order to raise funds to help the population in connection with the crop failure and with its help collected an astronomical sum of 9 million 600 thousand rubles at that time. And in 1914, in connection with the outbreak of the First World War, the government lottery raised considerable funds to help the wounded veterans.

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